It is important to remain vigilant as individual detections (not established populations) do occur. The first North American discovery of Asian longhorned beetle was in New York City in 1996. ALHB infests and kills healthy trees, devastating urban and rural communities. The Asian longhorned beetle regulated area. The hardwood species that the beetle attacks make up a large proportion of both natural and urban forest canopies across Canada. THE ASIAN LONGHORNED BEETLE The Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis), or ALB, is an invasive insect that feeds on a wide variety of trees in the United States, eventually killing them. Scientific names: Citrus Longhorned Beetle (Anoplophora chinensis), Asian Longhorned Beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis ), and Red-necked Longhorned Beetle (Aromia bungii)What Are They? Javal M, Roux G, Roques A, Sauvard D, 2018. Learn to identify the Asian longhorned beetle. After tree removal, the Canadian Forest Service and multiple survey crews continued to monitor trees within the regulated area looking for any signs of ALB. Monochamus species may be differentiated by the smaller size of their white spots, small white triangle marking on their upper backs, and the visibly rougher, bumpier, and less glossy texture of their exoskeletons. This would mean large revenue losses, as the hardwood forest industry is worth billions of dollars in wood products (NRCan, 2014). Photo: Asian longhorned beetle with wing exposed under elytron (wing cap). etc.). The beetle is a threat to hardwood trees, preferring to feed on maple trees which will ultimately kill those trees. The map below is the EDDMapS (Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System) Ontario distribution map for the Asian longhorned beetle as of May 2017. Contact your local forestry professionals for information on what to plant. In addition, another 12,500 nearby trees that were considered susceptible to infestation were also cut down and chipped, . For more information, please refer to the CFIA fact sheet on the the Asian longhorned beetle. Also, as the beetle favours maple species, the damage and death it causes to these trees could greatly hurt the maple syrup industry, which is worth about $100 million each year in Canada (NRCan, 2014; City of Toronto, 2015). The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) acted quickly to address the infestation. The beetle spends most of its life within the inner wood of a variety of hardwood trees as larvae which tunnel and feed on … The Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis, is extremely destructive to hardwood trees, with the potential to wipe out entire populations of trees in a short period of time.This beetle has not been found in Maryland. Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky, is native to Asia (principally China) and invasive in parts of western Europe, and in several American cities, where eradication efforts are underway. A regulated area, from which nursery stock, wood products, and tree materials are not to be moved, has been put in place in efforts to contain and eliminate the forest pest (CFIA, 2014). 2001).Of particular concern is the impact that A. glabripennis feeding damage may have on Acer spp. The rate of development depends on temperatures during the growing season; therefore, a portion of the population can take two years, rather than one, to complete its life cycle. Dr. Taylor Scarr, OMNRF Provincial Entomologist, inspects a removed ‘high-risk’ tree for signs and symptoms of an Asian longhorned beetle infestation. Many susceptible trees around the infested areas were removed in hopes of stopping the spread of the beetle. The Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis, was first detected in the United States in 1996 and likely arrived via wooden shipping crates or dunnage used in transporting goods from Asia.Asian longhorned beetle populations are currently in Ohio, New York, Massachusetts, and … It has spread to new areas since its initial detection. including firewood and logs. Deciphering the worldwide invasion of the Asian longhorned beetle: a recurrent invasion process from the native area together with a bridgehead effect. The Asian longhorned beetle (ALHB, Anoplophora glabripennis) is a highly destructive wood-boring pest of maples and other hardwood trees including poplar, birch and willow. Towards successful eradication of the Asian longhorned beetle: Early detection & rapid response. Scientists now believe that EAB could have been present in Ontario up to 10 years prior to its initial detection. The Invasive Species Centre aims to connect stakeholders. It is believed to have entered the United States inside solid wood packing material from China (USDA – Forest Service 2002). Sault Ste. ALB was first detected in an industrial area north of Toronto in September 2003. Asian longhorned beetle Anoplophora glabripennis Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis) is an insect pest of hardwood trees.It is a native of China and was first detected in New York in 1996. The only management technique for Asian longhorned beetle is to destroy infested trees. Signs of infestation by ALB include (City of Toronto, 2015): Asian longhorned beetles create large (1.5 – 2 cm diameter) exit holes on the trunk and branches of host trees. 2016 The Asian Longhorned Beetle, an invasive pest from China, was discovered in New York and Illinois in the 1990's. A new infestation of ALB has been recently detected in Mississauga, Ontario. Asian Longhorned Beetle and it's SE US lookalikes; Asian Longhorned Beetle Fact Sheet; Asian Longhorned Beetle PowerPoint; For More Information. It was first discovered in the U.S. in New York in 1996, and has also been found in Chicago and New Jersey. ASIAN LONGHORNED BEETLE Anoplophora glabripennis What is the Asian longhorned beetle? Adult beetles are 20–35 mm long, shiny black, with up to 20 white spots on each wing cover. Suspect finds should also be reported to the CFIA cfia.surveillance-surveillance.acia@canada.ca. The beetle was introduced into Canada when infested wood from plantations was used as packaging material for cargo being shipped to North America. All infested and susceptible host trees within 800 metres of the original detection site were removed and destroyed to prevent the beetle from spreading further. The only known infestations in the United States are in New York City and Chicago, resulting in the removal of hundreds of valuable street and parkland trees. The sap of giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum), an invasive forest plant, can cause serious burns to the skin and should be avoided.Also, if threatened, the Asian longhorned beetle can deliver a painful bite. The Asian longhorned beetle is a black insect with white speckles that grows a long antenna. It is invasive outside its native range. This was done to develop a comprehensive understanding of the beetle’s behaviour in the Canadian context, to be used for future detection, training, and management (NRCan, 2014). The Asian longhorned beetle is a wood boring beetle native to China and Korea. The adult insect is shiny black with prominent irregular white spots, long antennae with black and white banding. Tree removal efforts focused on four preferred tree hosts for ALB: maple, poplar, willow, and birch. Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis, is a recently introduced pest from China. The Asian long-horned beetle attacks and kills many different species of hardwood of any age or size. All infested and susceptible host trees within 800 metres of the original detection site were removed and destroyed to prevent the beetle from spreading further. Unfortunately, the celebrations were short-lived. It was first discovered in the United States in 1996 in New York. All ALB infestations are under active eradication programs. Photo: Jason Dean, Flikr.comThe Asian longhorned beetle, which attacks a wide range of hardwood tree species, including the sugar maple, threatens the $100 million maple syrup industry in Canada. You can help stop an Asian longhorned beetle invasion by: For more tips, check out the Forest Invasives Canada Quick Tips Page! “Invasive” refers to a species that has moved outside of its native habitat and threatens the new environment, economy or society by disrupting local ecosystems. Large beetle is black with white spots and has blueish appearing legs; about 1-1.5 in. If ALB is not contained, it has the potential to devastate Canadian forests, especially when combined with the damage caused by emerald ash borer and other invasive forest pests. Adults lay their eggs in hardwood trees, and larvae then tunnel through the living tissue of the tree stopping the flow of water and nutrients, killing it. “Public participation is the key to early detection,” said Rob Miller, invasive species prevention and response specialist with the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development. The beetle completes most of its life cycle inside the host tree, with adults emerging in spring. For more information on reporting an invasive species, click here! It has spread to new areas since its initial detection. The genus Anoplophora includes 36 species, all native to Asia, the taxonomy of which has been stabilized with the revision of Lingafelter and Hoebeke (2002).This revision designates several synonyms for Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky, 1854): Cerosterna glabripennis Motschulsky, 1853; Cerosterna laevigator Thomson, 1857; Melanauster … The area surrounding the detection was extensively surveyed, and technicians were able to locate two Norway maples and three Manitoba maples that showed signs of infestation. About the Invasive Species Gallery; Sign Up For Our eNewsletter Subscribe . ALB was detected in the Toronto, Ontario area in 2003 and quick action lead to eradication of the pest over the following years. info@invasivespeciescentre.ca, Asian longhorned beetle (ALHB) has been eradicated from the cities of Mississauga and Toronto in the province of Ontario. The beetles have already been tied to the death of thousands of trees in urban areas such as New York City and Chicago. From 2004-2007, an additional 40 infested trees were detected and removed each year, less than 15 infested trees were found in 2007, and no infested trees were found for the remainder of the surveys (NRCAN, 2011). News release – Asian longhorned beetle declared eradicated in the cities of Mississauga and Toronto [2020-06-25] Compensation available to property owners to assist with tree replanting efforts [2016-05-04] In Ontario, full development of ALB populations has been observed on maples (Acer spp. Antennae are black with white bands. The Asian longhorned beetle is an invasive insect that is native to China and Korea. Further, healthy forests support tourism and recreation, so damage to the natural environment could negatively impact these industries aswell. Native to East Asia. This is best exemplified in the case of the Asian longhorned beetle (ALB). Learn how to identify the invasive Asian Longhorned Beetle in this fast paced video field guide. Additional Resources: APIPP Invasive Species Best Management Practices; Native Look Alikes: Asian longhorned beetle closely resembles the native whitespotted pine sawyer. The tunnels created by the larvae hinder the tree’s ability to transport water and nutrients and eventually kills it. A new 46 km2 regulated area was established surrounding the infestation (below), and again, it is prohibited to move any tree materials out of the area. After its first detection in 2003, the CFIA implemented an eradication program in 2004 to quickly respond to the threat of ALB. The Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis) is a wood-boring beetle believed to have been introduced into the U.S. on wood pallets and wood packing material in cargo shipments from Asia (the beetle’s native range includes China and Korea). PDF (1,382 kb). check out the Forest Invasives Canada Quick Tips Page. ALHB infests and kills healthy trees, devastating rural, urban and suburban communities. First confirmed sighting of a new invasive in North America: elm zigzag sawfly, Oval-shaped egg pits dug on trunk, branches, or exposed roots, Large round exit holes (1.5-2 cm diameter). The following Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) plant protection policies relate to the ALB: In 2003, adult ALB were discovered in areas of Toronto and Vaughan. Invasive Species - (Anoplophora glabripennis) Watch List - Prohibited in Michigan The Asian longhorned beetle can attack and kill many tree species including poplar, willow, sycamore, and horse chestnut, but its favorite host are maple trees. Origin Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky, is native to Asia (principally China) and invasive in parts of western Europe, and in several American cities, where eradication efforts are underway. Asian Longhorned Beetle Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), referred to as the Asian longhorned beetle (ALB), is one of the more recently introduced non-native invasive species with potential to become a major pest in the United States. P: (705) 541-5790 Also referred to as ALB; longhorned beetle, roundheaded borer. The Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis, "ALB"), a pest of hardwood trees including maple, birch and horse chestnut, was first discovered in Worcester, Massachusetts in 2008.Since their discovery, $50 million in federal and state money has been spent to eradicate the beetle, and 25,000 infested trees in the Worcester area have been cut down in an effort to halt the spread. Asian longhorned beetle has irregular white spots along its body. To date, 15 states, British Columbia, and Ontario have reported ALB interceptions (City of Toronto, 2015). In natural deciduous forests, hardwood species such as maple serve as a foundation species in their environment. These changes are considered in order to protect our environment from further damage caused by invasive plant species. Report any suspect ALB signs or symptoms – photos help! By: Liam Brechin, ISC Business Development & Communications Intern. The Asian Longhorned Beetle, Its Prevention and Control Invasive longhorned beetle species Anoplophora glabripennis. Over five years passed with no detectable signs of ALB in the area, and it was officially declared to be eradicated in April 2013 by the CFIA – a great success! The EAB attacks and kills >99% of ash trees, so an ‘ash-free zone’ was established where all potential host trees were removed in an attempt to stop EAB spread. Adults are shiny black in colour with irregular white spots and are large, ranging from 1.9 to… So far, the only method of control for Asian Longhorned Beetles requires removing and chipping infested trees, along with potential host trees, in the area where it is discovered. Has very long antennae, hence its name, which are black with white stripes. Unfortunately, the EAB had already spread beyond the geographical range of this barrier long before the quarantine was established. The Asian and citrus long-horned beetles have a few native lookalikes, including the banded alder borer (Rosalia funebris) and several species in the genus Monochamus. As trees were removed, full documentation of tree species, tree size, and signs and location of beetle attacks on each tree was carried out. ALHB is native to Asia and can be introduced into Canada with A long-horned beetle has been discovered attacking ornamental trees in New York City and Chicago. This was done to prevent the further spread of the beetle. Asian longhorned beetle: An unwanted invasive species This borer attacks a variety of hardwood trees. ALB attacks and kills a wide range of native trees, including the symbolic maple tree. The developed larvae initially feed in the cambium region under the bark, and eventually tunnel deeper into the tree. Native to China and Korea, the beetles are approximately 1.5 The Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) was found in Worcester, MA in August 2008 and in Boston in July 2010. For example, in the City of Toronto, 42% of the street trees are preferred host species for the beetle and thus susceptible to its attack (City of Toronto, 2015). The Asian Longhorn Beetle is an invasive species native to China. By the following spring, 531 infested or likely infested trees were removed and destroyed, in addition to 12,500 high-risk trees in the regulated area. 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