Some of them were hit with whips. He knew that the king would be angry, but Moses was not afraid of him. Faith always has been the mark of God's servants, from the beginning of the world... View the entire commentary. 22 Joseph also believed God. Having obtained a good testimony through faith: Though they obtained this good testimony, they did not they did not receive the promise, the testimony of the completed work of the Messiah on their behalf. For faith justifies only as it refers to, and depends on, Christ. They must also believe that God helps everyone who wants to know him. h. Were slain with the sword: Such as the eighty-five priests murdered by Doeg, or the prophets murdered in Elijah’s day. i. By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured as seeing Him who is invisible. He who had embraced the promises was about to sacrifice his one and only son, X. Hebrews 11:1-40. Each one of these were men of faith, yet had notable areas of failure in their life. God had promised Abraham that he would have many grandchildren. After they were encircled for seven days: At Jericho the people of Israel had an obedient faith. (3.) Anyone who comes to God must believe that God is there. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. g. Became valiant in battle: Some of the many in this description are David, King Asa, and Jehoshaphat. For that reason, God is not ashamed for them to call him their God. b. After that, he sat down at God's right side to rule with him. All during that time, when a child of Israel saw Joseph’s coffin and asked why it was there and not buried, they could be answered, “Because the great man Joseph did not want to be buried in Egypt, but in the Promised Land God will one day lead us to.”. He made them from things that nobody could see. God having provided something better for us: We are provided something better (seeing and enjoying the completed work of Jesus on our behalf) and therefore have much more reason to hold on to faith, and to not let discouragement and tough times defeat us. The end of the chapter reminds us that faith is and it is for we who follow in the footsteps of the faithful men and women of previous ages. The definition of faith given in this verse, and exemplified in the various instances following, undoubtedly includes justifying faith, but not directly as justifying. They were very poor and they had a lot of trouble. Christ made all things, he rules all things, and he will change all things. By faith Abraham, when God tested him, offered Isaac as a sacrifice. i. “Many of us may never have to brave the fiery stake, nor to bow our necks upon the block, to die as Paul did; but if we have grace enough to be out of weakness made strong, we shall not be left out of the roll of the nobles of faith, and God’s name shall not fail to be glorified in our persons.” (Spurgeon). Hebrews 11:9-10 Looking for Abraham's City -Bibliotheca Sacra 147 (1990) 399-413; EXPLORE THE BIBLE. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. You can check these in your browser security settings. (Hebrews 11:23-28) This Hebrews passage accents the start of each of the three forty-year stages of Moses’ life. h. Women who received their dead raised to life again: The Old Testament mentions at least two who fit this description, the widow of Zarepheth and the Shunamite woman. Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. 20 Isaac himself also believed God. By faith Isaac blessed Jacob: Isaac was really in the flesh, not in faith, when he first intended to bless Esau instead of Jacob. i. “The Holy Spirit in this chapter selects out of good men’s lives the most brilliant instances of their faith. We must be like people who run in a race.We must throw away everything that stops us from running well. a. ii. John Piper Aug 17, 1997 846 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Learn more about Desiring God Desiring God. c. Samson: He was used mightily of the Lord to defeat the Philistines. But instead, he let people insult him. a. “By faith we understand that the … 39 God said good things about all these people because they trusted him. He liked Esau as a more “manly” man, and he liked the wild game he brought home. By faith Joseph: Joseph made mention of the departure of the children of Israel in Genesis 50:24, when he said: God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land to the land of which He swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. Since God is and since He does matter, faith is entirely logical. 30 Because of their faith, Israel's people marched round Jericho city for seven days. c. By faith: The faith in Isaac’s blessing came in after Isaac’s attempt to thwart the will of God was destroyed, when he said of Jacob, and indeed he shall be blessed (Genesis 27:33). They saw that he was a very special child. By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac: The verb tense for offered up indicates that as far as Abraham was concerned the sacrifice was complete. 10 For he was looking forward to the city with foundations, whose architect and builder is God. Therefore he worshiped, demonstrating his faith and dependence on God. Scripture: Hebrews 11:39–12:2. Click on the different category headings to find out more. When he saw the blood, he did not kill the oldest sons in the families of Israel's people. They wandered in deserts and mountains, in dens and caves of the earth. They walked through there as if they were walking on dry land. 3 Because of faith, we understand about how God made the universe. c. After they were encircled for seven days: At Jericho the people of Israel had a patient faith. b. The Israelites passed through and the Egyptians were drowned. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. But here is no mention of him as the object of faith; and in several of the instances that follow, no notice is taken of him or his salvation, but only of temporal blessings obtained by faith. Only the work of Christ brings those of Old Testament times and those of the new and living way alike into the presence of God.” (Morris), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Mencken said faith is the “Illogical belief in the occurrence of the impossible.” This would only be true if there is no God or if He does not matter. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Description of the great things which faith (in its widest sense: not here restricted to faith in the Gospel sense) does for us. a. d. For seven days: At Jericho the people of Israel had an anticipating faith. The Bible doe… As a result of his faith, he told his family where they should bury his bones. He realized that he would always be defeated when he tried to resist God’s will, even when he didn’t like it. Faith has its reasons. Still others had trial of mockings and scourgings, yes, and of chains and imprisonment. Offered up his only begotten son: Though Abraham had another son (Ishmael, the son of his fleshly attempt to fulfill God’s promise), God did not recognize the other son (Genesis 22:1-14) – so Isaac could be called his only begotten son. By faith they passed through the Red Sea as by dry land, whereas the Egyptians, attempting to do so, were drowned. By faith the harlot Rahab did not perish: Joshua 2 tells us of Rahab, who might seem an unusual example of faith. If these followers of God were steadfast without receiving the promise, those who have received the promise have even more reason to be continue on through trials and difficulty. When Moses was born, they hid him for three months. But when we believe in the reality of God and of heaven and of His word, it is completely unacceptable to those who live by naturalism. Faith is the means of understanding the origin of all that is (11:3). Still, Hebrews 11 commends their faith and lists them in the “Hall of Faith.” This shows that weak faith is better than unbelief, and you don’t have to be perfect to make it into God’s “Hall of Faith.”. Faith is very difficult when we live as “practical atheists.” This describes someone who may have a theoretical belief in God, but the belief doesn’t matter in what they do from day to day. But from this one man there came very many grandchildren. By faith they passed through the Red Sea: The difference between the Israelites crossing the Red Sea and the Egyptians who followed them was not courage, but faith. c. The reproach of Christ: Moses probably didn’t know it at the time but the persecution he suffered for his choice of serving God and His people put him in the company of Jesus – who suffered to set men free. This was proof of her faith. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Nobody could see what was going to happen, but Noah believed God's message. The writer to the Hebrews began this chapter speaking of faith in the present tense: Now faith is… By faith we understand (Hebrews 11:1 and 11:3). f. Sawn in two: According to reliable tradition Isaiah was sawn in two and killed. By faith — By firmly believing what God had revealed unto him concerning the future state of his children; Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau — Prophetically foretold the particular blessings they should receive, preferring the younger before the elder. d. Quenched the violence of fire: Among these are Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. Moses knew that to go God’s way meant to suffer affliction rather than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin. a. a. Choosing rather to suffer affliction: This choice had consequences. 12 Abraham was so old that he was almost like a dead man. They knew that would be better for them. His family became so large that nobody could count them. For the time would fail me to tell of Gideon and Barak and Samson and Jephthah, also of David and Samuel and the prophets: a. Gideon: He boldly destroyed idols and was mightily used of God to defeat a much larger army of Midianites (Judges 6-7). 21 Jacob believed God. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. As a result, nobody could ever find him, because God had taken him away. 2 It was because of their faith that God said good things about the people of long ago. μνημονεύειν] is taken by the majority in the intransitive sense: to be mindful (Hebrews 13:7). He thought carefully about what God would give him at a future time. Hebrews 11 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. (2.) It was like Abraham did receive Isaac back from death. Commentaries for the book of Hebrews. i. Bruce wonders if this is not the incident that Jesus referred to in John 8:56 when Jesus said: Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day; and he saw it, and was glad. 1 So, we have learned about many people who trusted God long ago. The great theme of modern times is naturalism, the belief that only what can be found and measured in nature is “real.” Scientists and educators who trust in naturalism may be content to let us believe in God, just as long as we agree that God is a fairy tale – someone not real. By faith the walls of Jericho fell down: At Jericho, the people of Israel had a daring faith. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. We often consider the idea that we should not be ashamed of God, but we must also consider that we may make God ashamed of us. There is a link which unites them; a thrill which passes from one hand to hand around the circle.” (Meyer). So he offered a better sacrifice to God than Cain did. They became powerful to fight wars. And so God made them able to have children. They were not afraid to do that. 14 People who live in that way show that they expect to live somewhere else one day. 31 Rahab, who had been a prostitute in Jericho, also trusted God. As a result of her faith, she did not die with all the other people in Jericho who did not obey God. By faith the harlot Rahab did not perish with those who did not believe, when she had received the spies with peace. Yet Jephthah made a foolish vow and stubbornly kept it (Judges 11). When we remember there is a spiritual reality – a heavenly home that is our real home – faith is much easier. Gave instructions concerning his bones: When Joseph died he was never buried. And worshipped, leaning on the top of his staff: Jacob had to lean on the top of his staff because he was given a limp many years before when God confronted him at Peniel (Genesis 32:24-32). They were not afraid of the king’s command: When the Pharaoh of Egypt commanded the murder of Hebrew children faith gave Moses’ parents the courage to obey God instead of man. c. They should not be made perfect apart from us: The idea of perfect is “complete.” They could not be made complete until the work of Jesus. It is easier when we remember that on this side of eternity, not everything is settled and not every wrong is righted. 37 Some of them died when people killed them with stones. Hebrews 11 What it means to trust God. But Moses had that faith and led the nation in observing the Passover. 13 All these people continued to believe God until they died. Hebrews 11:1.Knowing that the believing Hebrews had been, and still were exposed to persecution on account of the gospel, and fearing lest they should be thereby cast down, and moved from their steadfastness, the apostle had endeavoured to support them in their adherence to Christ and his cause by suggesting the declaration whereby the prophet Habakkuk had directed and encouraged the Jews … d. Chains and imprisonments: Joseph was cast into prison for his faith, and the evil King Ahab imprisoned the prophet Micaiah. They were stoned, they were sawn in two, were tempted, were slain with the sword. iii. b. Hebrews 11 What it means to trust God 1 This is what it means to trust God: We will be sure about the things that we hope for. A better resurrection: As Jesus said in John 5:29, there is a resurrection unto life and a resurrection unto condemnation. i. Clement of Rome, the earliest Christian writer outside of the Bible, was the first the see a symbol of the blood of Jesus in the scarlet cord that Rahab set outside her window (Joshua 2:18). Others ruled in a way that is right and fair. Yet he hesitated and went forward only when Deborah encouraged him. Lest he who destroyed the firstborn should touch them: Those who did not share the faith of Moses and obedient Israel found their firstborn sons destroyed at that first Passover. j. Before God took him away, it was clear that Enoch had made God happy. When God told him to leave his home, he obeyed God. 6 Unless we trust God, it is impossible for us to make God happy. The Hebrews are warned of the sin and danger of unbelief. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. God has made it very strong so that it will be there for ever. When the Pharaoh ordered all newborn Hebrew male-children to be killed, Moses’ parents hid him and he grew up among his own people’s enemies. The walls did not fall down for the first six days, yet they kept marching as God commanded. We will be sure in our minds about things that we cannot even see. b. As he leaned on his staff he remembered that God was great and held his future and the future of his descendants. Sin does have its pleasures; but Moses properly saw them as passing, even if they should last our entire earthly life. You can also change some of your preferences. Instead, he continued strongly to trust God. The order of time is Barak, Gideon, Jephthah, Samson, Samuel, David, the prophets; and the reason of the change may be gathered from the note on the following verse. 11 Abraham and his wife, Sarah, were too old to have children. Subdued kingdoms: Some of these were David, Joshua, King Asa, Jehoshaphat, King Hezekiah, and King Josiah. 18 God had said to Abraham, ‘It is through Isaac that your family will continue.’ 19 But Abraham was sure that, if Isaac died, God could raise Isaac to life again. As a result of his faith, he asked God to bless his sons, Jacob and Esau. Commentary on Hebrews 11:39,40 (Read Hebrews 11:39,40) The world considers that the righteous are not worthy to live in the world, and God declares the world is not worthy of them. Because Abraham believed God, he offered his son, Isaac, as a sacrifice. By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king’s command. The general thought is that which we find expressed in Hebrews 11:14-16.There, the strangers and pilgrims are seeking for a country of their own; here, the dweller in tents is waiting for the city that hath the foundations. g. Were tempted: Among these terrible physical tortures, the writer brings up being tempted in the same context. Though the righteous and the worldlings widely differ in their judgment, they agree in this, it is not fit that good men should have their rest in this world. 34 Some of them put out fires that were burning very strongly. But he had faith in God, trusting him to do what he promised. Hebrews 11:20. As a result of his faith, God made it possible for him and Sarah to have a baby. We will be sure in our minds about things that we cannot even see. a. And what more shall I say? We could even say that is a picture of what really happened. Hebrews 11:17 New International Version (NIV). 15 They were not thinking about the country that they had left. in … When we do not regard God and heaven and eternity as real, there can be a sense in which God is ashamed to be called our God. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. See notes on Genesis 27:6-40. ... Hebrews 11:15. When Abraham was confronted with a promise and a command from God which seemed to contradict each other, he did what we all should do: he obeyed the command and let God take care of the promise. By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of blood, lest he who destroyed the firstborn should touch them. 38 These people who trusted God were too good for this world. At the end of his life, he spoke about what would happen to the family of Israel's people after his death. He did that once, for all time. The superior worth and dignity of Christ above Moses is shown. Aug 17, 1997. Hebrews 11:1 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. They were like people who saw those things far away. By faith Isaac blessed: Yet Isaac came to the place of faith when he discovered that he had actually blessed Jacob instead of Esau. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. Hebrews chapter 11; 11:1 - What is faith? They wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, tormented—of whom the world was not worthy. Genesis 27:33 says, Isaac trembled exceedingly. By faith Moses… was hidden three months by his parents: Moses’ parents showed faith when they perceived that he was specially favored by God they took measures of faith to save his life despite danger. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Now faith is the substance: Just as our physical eyesight is the sense that gives us evidence of the material world, faithis the “sense” that gives us evidence of the invisible, spiritual world. They could have gone back there if they really wanted to. e. They were stoned: Zechariah was stoned to death between the altar and the temple and Naboth was stoned to death by Jezebel’s henchmen. And all these, having obtained a good testimony through faith, did not receive the promise, God having provided something better for us, that they should not be made perfect apart from us. (10) A city which hath foundations. Scripture: Hebrews 11:39–12:2. But they did not receive all the things that God had promised to give them. But when the soldiers from Egypt tried to cross the same place, they drowned. God told Noah about bad things that would happen. i. “The despised and ill-treated group of servants of God was of greater real worth than all the rest of humanity put together.” (Morris). Rahab was kind to them. Not a full definition of faith in its whole nature, but a description of its great characteristics in relation to … D J ESTES. They were as many as the bits of sand on the shore of the sea. In that way, God made all the things that we can see. Hebrews 2. i. As a result, those people did not receive everything until we could join with them. CHAPTER 11. These worthies received the better resurrection. He told them to put blood from the sacrifice round their doors. Some of them died when people killed them with swords. By faith Moses, when he became of age, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin, esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt; for he looked to the reward. Commentaries for Hebrews Chapter 11 The New Testament dispensation shown to be much more excellent than the Old. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. The latter part of the ninth chapter was an expansion of Hebrews 10:11-12.In particular, Hebrews 10:23-28 have been occupied with the theme, “Christ entered once for all into the Holy Place, having won eternal redemption.” The repeated offerings presented by the high priests have been contrasted with the sacrifice which He has offered. It was not strong faith and it was not perfect faith, but her faith was commendable nonetheless. The grace of faith, wherever it is, will put men upon acknowledging God in all their ways ch. i. By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau The history of this is in ( Genesis 27:33-39) .The former of these was a good man, and, though the youngest son, he is set before, and was blessed before the eldest; and the latter was a wicked man, and yet had a blessing; for temporal blessings are enjoyed in common: and this blessing was prophetic, it was concerning things to come. 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